Select Bibliography for Age of Revolutions

  • Adir, Douglas and John A. Schutz. Peter Oliver’s Origin and Progress of the American Rebellion: A Tory View. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1961.
  • Alden, John Richard. The American Revolution, 1775-1783. New York: Harper and Row, 1954.
  • . A History of the American Revolution. New York: Knopf, 1969.
  • ____. George Washington: A Biography. New York: Dell, 1984.
  • ____. The South in the Revolution, 1763-1789.
  • Anderson, Fred. A People’s Army: Massachusetts Soldiers and Society in the Seven Years’ War. New York: W. W. Norton, 1984.
  • . The Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Fate of the Empire in British North America, 1754-1766. New York: Vintage, 2000.
  • Andrews, Charles W. The Colonial Background of the American Revolution. New Haven: Yale, 1931.
  • Appleby, Joyce. Inheriting the Revolution: The First Generation of Americans. Cambridge: Harvard, 2000.
  • Artz, Frederick B. Reaction and Revolution, 1814-1832. New York: Harper and Row, 1934.
  • Babits, Lawrence E. A Devil of a Whipping: The Battle of Cowpens. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
  • Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard, 1967.
  • . The Ordeal of Thomas Hutchinson. Cambridge: Harvard, 1974.
  • . Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling of America on the Eve of the Revolution. New York: Knopf, 1986.
  • . To Begin the World Anew: The Genius and Ambiguities of the American Founders. New York: Knopf, 2003.
  • Baker, Leonard. John Marshall: A Life in Law. New York: Macmillan, 1976.
  • Barker, Keith Michael. Inventing the French Revolution. New York: Cambridge, 1990.
  • Bartlett, C. J. Castlereagh. New York: Scribner’s, 1966.
  • Beard, Charles A. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. New York: Free Press, 1941.
  • Becker, Carl L. The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers. New Haven:Yale University Press, 1932.
  • . The Declaration of Independence: A Study in the History of Political Ideas. 1922.
  • Bell, Madison Smart. All Souls’ Rising. New York: Pantheon, 1995.
  • . Master of the Crossroads. New York: Pantheon, 2001.
  • ___. The Stone that the Builder Refused. New York: Pantheon, 2004.
  • Bellesiles, Michael A. Revolutionary Outlaws: Ethan Allen and the Struggle for Independence on the Early American Frontier. Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 1993.
  • Bemis, Samuel Flagg. The Diplomacy of the American Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana,1957.
  • . Pinckney’s Treaty: America’s Advantage from Europe’s Distress, 1783-1800. New Haven: Yale, 1960.
  • Beik, William. Absolutism and Society in Seventeenth-Century France. New York: Cambridge, 1985.
  • Best, Geoffrey. War and Society in Revolutionary Europe, 1770-1870. New York: Oxford, 1986.
  • Billias, George Athan, ed. The American Revolution: How Revolutionary Was It? New York: Holt, Rinehart, Winston, 1965.
  • Billington, James H. Fire in the Minds of Men: Origins of the Revolutionary Faith. New York: Basic Books, 1980.
  • Black, Jeremy. The Politics of Britain, 1688-1800. New York: Manchester University Press, 1993.
  • Blanning, T. C. W. The French Revolutionary Wars, 1787-1802. New York: Arnold, 1996.
  • Boorstein, Daniel J. The Lost World of Thomas Jefferson. Boston: Beacon Press, 1948.
  • . The Americans: The Colonial Experience. New York: Vintage, 1958.
  • Bouloiseau, Marc. The Jacobin Republic, 1792-1794. New York: Cambridge, 1972.
  • Bowen, Catherine Drinker. The Most Dangerous Man in America. Boston: Little, Brown, 1974.
  • . John Adams and the American Revolution. New York: Grosset Dunlap, 1949.
  • Bowler, R. Arthur. Logistics and the Failure of the British Army in North America. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.
  • Brands, H. W. The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin. Garden City: Doubleday/Anchor, 2000.
  • Brinton, Crane. The Anatomy of Revolution. New York: Vintage, 1938.
  • . A Decade of Revolution, 1789-1799. New York: Harper and Row, 1934.
  • Brodie, Fawn M. Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History. New York: W. W. Norton, 1974.
  • Brooke, John. King George III: A Biography of America’s Last Monarch. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1972.
  • Brown, Wallace. The Good Americans: The Loyalists in the American Revolution. New York: Morrow, 1969.
  • Brumwell, Stephen. Redcoats: The British Soldier and War in the Americas, 1755-1763. New York: Cambridge, 2002.
  • Bruun, Geoffrey. Europe and the French Imperium, 1799-1814. New York: Harper and Row, 1938.
  • Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. Garden City: Doubleday, 1961.
  • Carlyle, Thomas. The French Revolution: A History. New York: Modern Library, 2002.
  • Chartier, Roger. The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution. Durham: Duke, 1991.
  • Cassirer, Ernst. The Philosophy of the Enlightenment. Boston: Beacon Press, 1951.
  • Cate, Curtis. The War of the Two Emperors: The Duel Between Napoleon and Alexander. New York: Random House, 1985.
  • Chandler, David G. Napoleon’s Marshals. New York: Macmillan, 1987.
  • . The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Macmillan, 1966.
  • Christie, I. R. Crisis of Empire: Great Britain and the American Colonies, 1754-1783. New York: W. W. Norton, 1966.
  • . Wars and Revolutions: Britain, 1760-1815. Cambridge: Harvard, 1982.
  • Christie, Ian R. and Benjamin W. Labaree. Empire or Independence, 1760-1776. New York: W. W. Norton, 1976.
  • Cobban, Alfred. The Social Interpretation of the French Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1964.
  • . Aspects of the French Revolution. New York: W. W. Norton, 1968.
  • Cooke, Jacob E. Alexander Hamilton: A Biography. New York: Scribner's, 1982.
  • Coles, Hugh L. The War of 1812. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.
  • Cooper, James Fenimore. The Spy. New York: Penguin, 1997.
  • Commanger, Henry Steel. The Empire of Reason: How Europe Imagined and America Realized the Enlightenment. Garden City: Doubleday, 1978.
  • Costa, Emilia Viotti da. Crowns of Glory, Tears of Blood: The Demerara Slave Rebellion of 1823. New York: Oxford, 1994.
  • Crane, Verner W. Benjamin Franklin and a Rising People. Boston: Little, Brown, 1954.
  • Cress, Lawrence Delbert. Citizens in Arms: The Army and Militia in American Society to the War of 1812. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1982.
  • Cunliffe, Marcus. Soldiers and Civilians: The Martial Spirit in America, 1775-1865. New York: Free Press, 1968.
  • ____. George Washington: Man and Monument. New York: Mentor Books, 1958.
  • Darton, Robert. The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France. New York: W. W. Norton, 1995.
  • . The Literary Underground of the Old Regime. Cambridge: Harvard, 1982.
  • . The Business of Enlightenment: A Publishing History of the Encyclopedie 1775-1800. Cambridge: Harvard, 1979.
  • . George Washington's False Teeth. New York: W. W. Norton, 2003.
  • Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823. Ithaca: Cornell, 1975.
  • Deak, Istvan. The Lawful Revolution: Louis Kossuth and the Hungarians 1848-1849. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.
  • De Baecque, Antoine. Glory and Terror: Seven Deaths Under the French Revolution. London: Routledge, 2001.
  • DeConde, Alexander. The Quasi-War: The Politics and Diplomacy of the Undeclared War with France, 1797-1801. New York: Scribner’s, 1966.
  • Doyle, William. The Oxford History of the French Revolution. New York: Oxford, 1989.
  • . Origins of the French Revolution. New York: Oxford, 1980.
  • Draper, Theodore. A Struggle for Power: The American Revolution. New York: Times Books, 1996.
  • Droz, Jacques. Europe between Revolutions 1815-1848. Ithaca: Cornell, 1967.
  • Edmond, Walter D. Drums Along the Mohawk. Boston: Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1936.
  • Egerton, Douglas R. Gabriel’s Rebellion: The Virginia Slave Conspiracies of 1800-1802. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.
  • Egret, Jean. The French Pre-Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1977.
  • Ellis, Jospeh J. American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson. New York: Vintage, 1996.
  • . Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation. New York: Vintage, 2000.
  • ___. His Excellency: George Washington. New York: Knopf, 2004.
  • Elting, John R. Swords Around a Throne: Napoleon’s Grande Armee. New York: Free Press, 1988.
  • Fenn, Elizabeth A. Pox Americana: The Great Smallpox Epidemic of 1775-82. New York: Hill and Wang, 2001.
  • Ferling, John E. A Wilderness of Miseries: War and Warriors in Early America. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1980.
  • ___. Setting the World Ablaze: Washington, Adams, Jefferson, and the American Revolution. New York: Oxford, 2000.
  • ___. A Leap in the Dark: The Struggle to Create the American Republic. New York: Oxford, 2003.
  • Fischer, David Hackett. Paul Revere's Ride. New York: Oxford, 1994.
  • ___. Washington's Crossing. New York: Oxford, 2004.
  • Freeman, Joanne B. Affairs of Honor: National Politics in the New Republic. New Haven: Yale, 2001.
  • Foner, Eric. Tom Paine and Revolutionary America. New York: Oxford, 1976.
  • Ford, Franklin L. Robe and Sword: The Regrouping of the French Aristocracy after Louis XIV. New York: Harper and Row, 1953.
  • . Europe, 1780-1830. New York: Longman’s, 1970.
  • Forrest, Alan. The French Revolution and the Poor. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1981.
  • Fleming, Thomas. 1776: Year of Illusions. New York: W. W. Norton, 1975.
  • . Duel: Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr and the Future of America. New York: Basic Books, 1999.
  • . The Man Who Dared the Lightning: A New Look at Benjamin Franklin. New York: Morrow, 1970.
  • Flexner, James Thomas. Washington: The Indispensable Man. Boston: Little, Brown,1969.
  • . The Traitor and the Spy: Benedict Arnold and John Andre. Boston: Little, Brown, 1953.
  • . George Washington: The Forge of Experience. Boston: Little, Brown, 1965.
  • . George Washington: In the American Revolution. Boston: Little, Brown, 1967.
  • . George Washington and the New Nation. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969.
  • . George Washington: Anguish and Farewell. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969.
  • Fraser, Antonia. Marie Antoinette: The Journey. Garden City: Doubleday/Anchor, 2001.
  • Gates, David. The Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. New York: W. W. Norton, 1986.
  • Gay, Peter. The Party of Humanity: Essays in the French Revolution. New York: W. W. Norton, 1954.
  • . The Enlightenment: The Rise of Paganism. New York: W. W. Norton, 1966.
  • . The Enlightenment: The Science of Freedom. New York: W. W. Norton, 1969.
  • Genovese, Eugene D. From Rebellion to Revolution: Afro-American Slave Revolts in the Making of the Modern World. Baton Rouge: Louisiana University Press, 1979.
  • Gerould, Daniel. Guillotine: Its Legend and Lore. New York: Blast Books, 1992.
  • Gershoy, Leo. From Despotism to Revolution, 1763-1789. New York: Harper and Row, 1954.
  • Geyl, Pieter. Napoleon For and Against. New Haven: Yale, 1949.
  • Chernow, Ron. Alexander Hamilton. New York: Penguin, 2004.
  • Gipson, Lawrence Henry. The Great War for the Empire. New York: Knopf, 1949.
  • Goodwin, A., ed. The New Cambridge Modern History: VIII: The American and French Revolutions. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1965.
  • Gordon-Reed, Annette. Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy. Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 1997.
  • Greene Jack P. Society, Freedom, and Conscience: The Coming of the Revolution in Virginia, Massachusetts, and New York. New York: W. W. Norton, 1976.
  • Gross, Robert A. The Minutemen and Their World. New York: Hill and Wang, 1976.
  • Gruber, Ira D. The Howe Brothers and the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: North Carolina, 1972.
  • Hallahan, William L. The Day the American Revolution Began. New York: HarperCollins, 2000.
  • Hamerow, Theodore S. Restoration, Revolution, Reaction: Economics and Politics in Germany, 1815-1871. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958
  • Hampson, Norman. The First European Revolution, 1776-1815. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and World, 1969.
  • Harvey, Robert. “A Few Bloody Noses”: The Realities and Mythologies of the American Revolution. New York: Overlook Press, 2001.
  • Hawke, David. The Colonial Experience. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1966.
  • Herr, Richard. Tocqueville and the Old Regime. Princeton: Princeton University, 1962.
  • Hibbert, Christopher. The Days of the French Revolution. New York: Morrow, 1980.
  • Hickey, Donald R. The War of 1812. Champaign: University of Illinois, 1989.
  • Higginbotham, Don. War and Society in Revolutionary America: The Wider Dimensions of Conflict. Columbia: South Carolina, 1988.
  • . Daniel Morgan: Revolutionary Rifleman. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1961.
  • . The War of American Independence: Military Attitudes, Policies, and Practices, 1763-1789. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1971.
  • . Reconsiderations on the Revolutionary War: Selected Essays. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1978.
  • . George Washington and the American Military Tradition. Athens: Georgia, 1985.
  • Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848. New York: Scribner’s, 1962.
  • Hofstadter, Richard. America at 1750: A Social Portrait. New York: Vintage, 1973.
  • Holmes, Richard. Redcoat: The British Soldier in the Age of Horse and Musket. New York: W. W. Norton, 2001.
  • Holtman, Robert B. The Napoleonic Revolution. New York: Lippincott, 1967.
  • Horseman, Reginald. The Causes of the War of 1812. New York: Perpetua Books, 1962.
  • Hufton, Olwen. Europe: Privilege and Protest 1730-1789. Ithaca: Cornell, 1980.
  • Hunt, Lynn. The Family Romance of the French Revolution. Los Angles: University of  California, 1992.
  • . Politics, Culture, and Class in the French Revolution. New York: Cambridge, 1984.
  • Issacs, Rhys. London Carter's Uneasy Kingdom: Revolution and Rebellion on a Virginia Plantation. New York: Oxford, 2004.
  • James, C. L. R. The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the Santo Domingo Revolution. New York: Vintage, 1963.
  • Jensen, Merrill. The New Nation: A History of the United States during the Confederation, 1781-1789. New York: Vintage, 1950.
  • Johns, Peter, ed. The French Revolution in Social and Political Perspective. New York: Arnold, 1996.
  • Jordan, David P. The Revolutionary Career of Maximilien Robespierre. New York: Free Press, 1985.
  • . The King’s Trial: Louis XVI vs. the French Revolution. Los Angles: University of California Press, 1979.
  • Kammen, Michael. A Season of Youth: The American Revolution and the Historical Imagination. Ithaca: Cornell, 1978.
  • Keegan, John. Fields of Battle: The Wars for North America. New York: Knopf, 1995.
  • Kennedy, Emmet. A Cultural History of the French Revolution. New Haven: Yale, 1989.
  • Kennedy, Michael. The Jacobin Club of Marseilles, 1790-1794. Ithaca: Cornell, 1973.
  • Kennedy, Roger. Mr. Jefferson's Lost Cause: Land, Farmers, Slavery, and the Louisiana Purchase. New York: Oxford, 2003.
  • Kerber, Linda K. Women of the Republic: Intellect and Ideology in Revolutionary America. New York: W. W. Norton, 1980.
  • Ketchum, Richard M. Decisive Day: The Battle for Bunker Hill. New York: Henry Holt, 1962.
  • ___. The Winter Soldiers. Garden City: Anchor/Doubleday, 1975.
  • . Saratoga: Turning Point of America’s Revolutionary War. Boston: Henry Holt, 1997.
  • ___. Divided Loyalties: How the Revolution Came to New York. Boston: Henry Holt, 2002.
  • Kissinger, Henry A. A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace 1812-1822. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1973.
  • Knollenberg, Berhard. Origin of the American Revolution, 1759-1766. New York: Free Press, 1965.
  • Langguth, A. J. Patriots: The Men Who Started the American Revolution. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988.
  • Leach, Douglas Edward. Roots of Conflict: British Armed Forces and Colonial Americans, 1677-1763. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1986.
  • Lefebvre, Georges. The Great Fear of 1789: Rural Panic in Revolutionary France. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.
  • . The Themodorians and the Directory: Two Phases of the French Revolution. New York: Random House, 1964.
  • . The French Revolution: From its Origins to 1793. New York: Columbia University Press, 1962.
  • . The French Revolution from 1793-1799. New York: Columbia University Press, 1964.
  • . Napoleon from 18 Brumaire to Tilsit 179-1807. New York: Columbia University Press, 1969.
  • Leslie, R. F. The Age of Transformation, 1789-1871. New York: Harper, 1964.
  • Levy, Leonard W. Jefferson and Civil Liberties: The Darker Side. Chicago: Ivan Dee, 1963.
  • Lindsay, J. O., ed. The New Cambridge Modern History: VII: The Old Regime, 1713-63. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1957.
  • Loomis, Stanley. Paris in the Terror, June 1793-July 1794. New York: Lippincott, 1964.
  • Lowell, Edward J. The Hessians and the Other German Auxiliaries of Great Britain in the Revolutionary War. Williamstown, MA: Corner House, 1970.
  • Lusebrink, Hans Jurgen and Rolf Reichhardt. The Bastille: A History of a Symbol of Despotism and Freedom. Durham: Duke, 1997.
  • Lynn, John A. The Bayonets of the Republic. Champaign: University of Illinois, 1984.
  • Macksey, Piers. The War for America, 1775-1783. Lincoln: Bison Books, 1993.
  • Mahon, John K. The War of 1812. New York: Da Capo, 1972.
  • Maier, Pauline. The Old Revolutionaries: Political Lives in the Age of Samuel Adams. New York: Knopf, 1980.
  • ___. From Resistance to Revolution. New York: Vintage, 1972.
  • . American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence. New York: Vantage, 1997.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the Virginian. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1948.
  • . Jefferson and the Ordeal of Liberty. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1962.
  • . Jefferson and the Rights of Man. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1951.
  • . Jefferson the President: The Second Term. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1974.
  • Manceron, Claude. Twilight of the Old Order. New York: Knopf, 1977.
  • Martin, James Kirby and Mark Edward Lender. A Respectable Army: The Military Origins of the Republic, 1763-1789. Arlington Heights, IL: Harland Davidson, 1982.
  • Mayer, Henry. A Son of Thunder: Patrick Henry and the American Republic. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1986.
  • McCullough, David. John Adams. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001.
  • Michelet, Jules. History of the French Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1967.
  • Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789. New York: Oxford, 1982.
  • Miller, John C. Origins of the American Revolution. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1943.
  • . Triumph of Freedom, 1775-1783. Boston: Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1948.
  • . Alexander Hamilton and the Growth of the New Nation. New York: Harper and Row, 1959.
  • . The Wolfe by the Ears: Thomas Jefferson and Slavery. Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 1977.
  • Morgan, Edmund. American Slavery American Freedom: Ordeal of Colonial Virginia. New York: W. W. Norton, 1975.
  • . Benjamin Franklin. New Haven: Yale, 2002.
  • Morgan, Edmund S and Helen M Morgan. The Stamp Act Congress: Prologue to Revolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1953.
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot. John Paul Jones: A Sailor’s Biography. Boston: Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1959.
  • Morris, Richard B. The Peacemakers: The Great Powers and American Independence. New York: Harper and Row, 1965.
  • Myers, A. R. Parliaments and Estates in Europe to 1789. New York: Harcourt Brace and World, 1975.
  • Nafziger, George F. Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1988.
  • Namier, Lewis. England in the Age of the American Revolution. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1961.
  • Nash, Gary B. Race and Revolution. Madison, WI: Madison House, 1990.
  • . The Urban Crucible: Social Change, Political Consciousness, and the Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University, 1979.
  • Nelson, Paul David. Anthony Wayne: Solider of the Republic. Bloomington: Indiana, 1985.
  • O’Brien, Conor Cruise. The Long Affair: Thomas Jefferson and the French Revolution, 1785-1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
  • Ogg, David. Europe of the Ancien Regime 1715-1783. London: Fanta Collins, 1965.
  • Onuf, Peter S. Jeffersonian Legacies. Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 1993.
  • Palmer, David Richard. The Way of the Fox: American Strategy in the War for America, 1775-1783. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1975.
  • . 1794: America, Its Army, and the Birth of a Nation. Novato: Presidio Press, 1994.
  • Palmer, R. R. The World of the French Revolution. New York: Harper and Row, 1967.
  • . Twelve Who Ruled: The Year of the Terror in the French Revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969.
  • . The Age of the Democratic Revolution: The Challenge. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1959.
  • . The Age of the Democratic Revolution: The Struggle. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.
  • Parkman, Francis. Montcalm and Wolfe. New York: Colliers, 1962.
  • . A Half-Century of Conflict. New York: Colliers, 1962.
  • . The Conspiracy of Pontiac. Lincoln: Bison Books, 1994.
  • Peckham, Howard H. The War for Independence: A Military History. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1959.
  • . The Colonial Wars, 1689-1762. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.
  • Pearson, Michael. The Revolutionary War. New York: Capricorn Books, 1972.
  • ___. Those Damned Rebels: The American Revolution As Seen Through British Eyes. New York: Putnam, 1972.
  • Perkins, Bradford. Prologue to War, 1805-1812: England and the United States. Los Angles: University of California Press, 1974.
  • Pierson, George Wilson. Tocqueville in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1938.
  • Pitch, Anthony S. The Burning of Washington: The British Invasion of 1814. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1998.
  • Plumb, J. H. The First Four Georges: England and Her "German" Kings, 1714-1830. Boston: Little, Brown, 1956.
  • Pratt, Julius. Expansionists of 1812. Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1925/1949.
  • Price, Munro. The Road from Versailles: Louis XVI, Marie Antinette, and the Fall of the French Monarchy. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2002.
  • Randall, Williard Sterne. A Little Revenge: Benjamin Franklin at War with His Son. New York: Morrow, 1984.
  • . Thomas Jefferson: A Life. Boston: Henry Holt, 1993.
  • Richard, Carl J. The Founders and the Classics: Greece, Rome, and the American Enlightenment. Cambridge: Harvard, 1994.
  • Risjord, Norman K. Jefferson’s America, 1760-1815. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002.
  • Robertson, David. Denmark Vesey. New York: Knopf, 1999.
  • Robson, Eric. The American Revolution in its Political and Military Aspects, 1763-83.New York: W. W. Norton, 1966.
  • Rothenberg, Gunther E. The Art of War in the Age of Napoleon. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1978.
  • Rousseau, Jean-Jacque. The Social Contract. New York: Penguin, 1968.
  • Royster, Charles. Lighthouse Harry Lee and the Legacy of the American Revolution. New York: Knopf, 1981.
  • . A Revolutionary People at War: The Continental Army and American Character, 1775-1783. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1979.
  • Rude, George. Paris and London in the 18th Century: Studies in Social Protest. London: Fantana Collins, 1952.
  • . The Crowd in the French Revolution. New York: Oxford, 1959.
  • . Revolutionary Europe. New York: Meridian Books, 1964.
  • . Europe in the Eighteenth Century. New York: Praeger, 1972.
  • Sale, Kirkpatrick. Rebels Against the Future. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 1995.
  • Schama, Simon. Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution. New York: Knopf, 1989.
  • . Patriots and Liberators: Revolution in the Netherlands 1780-1813. New York: Vintage, 1977.
  • Schecter, Barnet. The Battle of New York: The City atr the Heart of the American Revolution. New York: Walker, 2002.
  • Schoenbrun, David. Triumph in Paris: The Exploits of Benjamin Franklin. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.
  • Schwartz, Barry. George Washington: The Making of an American Symbol. New York: Free Press, 1987.
  • Shaara, Jeff. Rise to Rebellion. New York: Ballantine, 2001.
  • . The Glorious Cause. New York: Ballantine, 2002.
  • Shaw, Peter. The Character of John Adams. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1976.
  • Shy, John. A People’s Numerous and Armed. New York: Oxford, 1976.
  • . Toward Lexington: The Role of the British Army in the Coming of the American Revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1965.
  • Slaughter, Thomas P. The Whiskey Rebellion: Frontier Epilogue to the American Revolution. New York: Oxford, 1986.
  • Smith, Page. John Adams. Garden City: Doubleday, 1962.
  • Smith, Paul. Loyalists and Redcoats: A Study in British Revolutionary Policy. New York: W. W. Norton, 1964.
  • Smith, Richard Norton. Patriarch: George Washington and the New American Nation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1993.
  • Sobel, Robert. For Want of a Nail: If Burgoyne Had Won at Saratoga. London: Greenhill Books, 1973.
  • Soboul, Albert. The Sans Culottes. Garden City: Doubleday, 1972.
  • Steele, Ian K. Betrayals: Fort William Henry and the “Massacre”. New York: Oxford, 1990.
  • Sterns, Peter N. 1848: The Revolutionary Tide in Europe. New York: W. W. Norton, 1974.
  • Stone, Lawrence. Causes of the English Revolution, 1529-1642. New York: Routledge, 1972.
  • Sydenham, M. J. The Girondins. London: University of London Press, 1961.
  • ___. The First French Republic, 1792-1804. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.
  • Tackett, Timothy. When the King Took Flight. Cambridge: Harvard, 2003.
  • Taylor, Alan. William Cooper’s Town. New York: Vintage, 1995.
  • . American Colonies. New York: Viking, 2001.
  • Thomas, Hugh. The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1440-1871. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997.
  • Talmon, J. L. The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy. New York: Praeger, 1965.
  • Thompson, J. M. The French Revolution. New York: Blackwell, 1943.
  • . Leaders of the French Revolution. New York: Harper and Row, 1967.
  • Tilly, Charles. European Revolutions, 1492-1992. New York: Blackwell, 1993.
  • Tocqueville, Alexis de. The Old Regime and the French Revolution. Garden City: Doubleday/Anchor, 1955.
  • Tone, John Lawrence. The Fatal Knot: The Guerrilla War in Navarre and the Defeat of Napoleon in Spain. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Trevelyan, George Otto (Abridged version by Richard B. Morris). The American Revolution. New York: McKay, 1899-1941.
  • Tuchman, Barbara W. The First Salute. New York: Knopf, 1988.
  • Van Doren, Carl. Secret History of the American Revolution. New York: Viking, 1941.
  • Venturi, Franco. The End of the Old Regime in Europe, 1776-1789 I: The Great States of the West. Princeton: Princeton University, 1991.
  • . The End of the Old Regime in Europe, 1768-1776: The First Crisis. Princeton: Princeton University, 1989.
  • Vovelle, Michel. The Fall of the French Monarchy, 1787-1792. New York: Cambridge, 1972.
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